If you keep fish for any length of time, you will find that they will get sick from time to time. There can be a variety of reasons for fish to get sick. A change in water quality can cause them to be more susceptible to disease. Introducing new fish and new water to a tank can introduce a disease to the water. Fish who have been in a fight and have an open wound are also vulnerable to disease.
One common disease for freshwater fish is ich. Ich looks like the fish has been sprinkled with salt. It appears as tiny white dots all over the fish’s body. The fish will often rub and scrape against aquarium décor. Ich is a highly contagious parasite. If you notice ich in your tank, you need to treat the entire tank. Even if only one fish is sick, the rest of them have been exposed, and treating the entire tank will kill the parasite before more fish succumb. Ich can eventually be fatal, so take care of it as soon as possible. It can be treated with over-the-counter water treatments.
Another common disease in freshwater fish is fungus. Fungus can look like a white slime or white mold-like puffs on the fish’s body. Fungus might also cause the fish to scrape against aquarium décor. Fungus if left untreated will eventually eat away at the skin of the fish and kill it. Fungus is also contagious, and can be treated by over-the-counter water conditioners.
Clamped fins are another common problem. This is an indication that fish are getting sick. If you notice fish with clamped fins, then thoroughly clean your tank. Clean the grave and remove some water. There is a product on the market called Quick Cure that is great for just about any disease, and since clamped fins can be an indication of many problems, after you have cleaned your tank, add the appropriate amount of Quick Cure. Add some aquarium salt to the tank. These steps should kill whatever is bothering your fish.
You may notice that a fish has a sore on their body. This can happen because the fish was in a fight with another fish, or because it brushed against something sharp in the tank. Quickly take action if you notice a sore because it will make the fish vulnerable to infection. Follow the same treatment steps as you do for clamped fins. This will help speed up the healing process before an infection can set in.
If you notice your fish gasping at the water’s surface, it does not mean that the fish is hungry. It means that the fish does not have enough oxygen in their water. Check your filter to make sure it is functionally properly. Fix it if it needs to be fixed. Then check the temperature of the water. Also, inspect the surface of the water for oil or other problems that could be harming the quality of the water. If none of these things are the problem, add some aquarium salt and water conditioner
Taking immediate action when you notice a potential problem can help keep your fish from getting more serious and harder to cure diseases. Do not take your fish’s health lightly. Remember, they are counting on you for everything in their environment. Make sure it is safe and healthy!